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Esther 3-4 – A Time for Action

3:1-6 – Haman…the Agagite.  Whereas the last we read would have suggested that Mordecai should have been rewarded by the king, we find only the mention of another man who instead receives honors and acclaim from the king…and this man will seek for the destruction not only of Mordecai, but of all the Jews.  Haman… Continue reading Esther 3-4 – A Time for Action

1 Kings · 1 Samuel · 2 Kings · Daniel · Deuteronomy · Esther · Exodus · Ezra · Genesis · Joshua · Nehemiah

Esther 1-2 – Parties That Bring Change

1:1-3 – The stage is set.  According to Adele Berlin, chapter one “portrays the Persian court in all its decadent lavishness” and “sets the tone of the book” which is a “tone of excess, buffoonery, and bawdiness” (3).  This would characterize Xerxes and Haman, but does not seem to accurately describe either Mordecai or Esther. … Continue reading Esther 1-2 – Parties That Bring Change

Daniel · Deuteronomy · Ezekiel · Leviticus

Susanna and Bel and the Dragon

<!–[if !mso]> st1\:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } <![endif]–> Neither of these two additions to the Book of Daniel has come down in a Hebrew text, but instead in the Theodotion, LXX and Latin Vulgate recensions.  They were thus never included as part of the accepted text by the wider community of Israel, but were used regularly by the… Continue reading Susanna and Bel and the Dragon

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Daniel 12 – The Vision of the End

11:36-39 – The king who exalts himself.  This king does have certain levels of overlap with Antiochus IV Epiphanes (and many commentators believe that this individual is one and the same), but the description does not fit as it did in the verses prior.  The best explanation seems to be that this king is some… Continue reading Daniel 12 – The Vision of the End

Colossians · Daniel · Deuteronomy · Ephesians · Exodus · Ezekiel · Ezra · Isaiah · Jeremiah · Jude · Leviticus · Luke · Psalms · Revelation

Daniel 10 – Prepared for the Final Vision

10:1 – The Time and General Content of the Vision.  The third year of Cyrus king of Persia would place this vision in approximately 536-535BC.  This would also suggest that the recently begun work on rebuilding the Temple of the LORD by the returning exiles under the supervision of Ezra had been stopped temporarily by… Continue reading Daniel 10 – Prepared for the Final Vision

1 Kings · 2 Chronicles · Daniel · Deuteronomy · Ezra · Jeremiah · Leviticus · Mark · Matthew · Nehemiah · Psalms

Daniel 9 – The Vision of the Seventy Sevens

9:1-2 – Understanding the date.  This chapter occurs some time after chapter five and perhaps after chapter six.  If this “Darius” the Mede (which seems likely) is “Cyrus” as explained in earlier notes (6:28) then the year would be 538BC and Daniel would be approximately 82 years old.  The NIV has curiously followed the LXX… Continue reading Daniel 9 – The Vision of the Seventy Sevens

Covenant · Deuteronomy · Exodus · Israel · Leviticus · Numbers

The Old Testament for Seventh Graders (in Four Weeks!) 3

The Covenant With Israel – Exodus-Deuteronomy Exodus: God with His People – Israel grew up as slaves in Egypt and Moses was raised up by the LORD to deliver God’s people from Egypt.  God makes His presence known in the midst of His people in the desert and makes an everlasting covenant with them. (Exodus… Continue reading The Old Testament for Seventh Graders (in Four Weeks!) 3

1 Thessalonians · Additonal Esther · Daniel · Deuteronomy · Exodus · Ezekiel · Genesis · Isaiah · Jude · Luke · Mark · Matthew · Nehemiah · Numbers · Philippians · Psalms · Revelation · Zechariah

Daniel 8 – The Vision of the Ram and the Goat

Vision de Daniel à SuzeBy: Stephanus Garsia (11th Century) 8:1-2 – Daniel has a vision three years after the dream of chapter seven (approximately 550BC) while Belshazzar was still in Babylon (and his father, Nabonidus, still king of all Babylon).  Perhaps the reason he repeats the “vision” three times is because it was so disturbing… Continue reading Daniel 8 – The Vision of the Ram and the Goat